Thursday, April 12, 2012

Review: To Your Scattered Bodies Go by Philip José Farmer

To Your Scattered Bodies Go 
by Philip José Farmer
Published: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1971
Series: Book 1 of the Riverworld Saga
Awards Won: Hugo Award
Awards Nominated: Locus SF Award

The Book:

”Imagine that every human who ever lived, from the earliest Neanderthals to the present, is resurrected after death on the banks of an astonishing and seemingly endless river on an unknown world. They are miraculously provided with food, but with not a clue to the possible meaning of this strange afterlife. And so billions of people from history, and before, must start living again.

Some set sail on the great river questing for the meaning of their resurrection, and to find and confront their mysterious benefactors. On this long journey, we meet Sir Richard Francis Burton… and many other [people from history], most of whom embark upon searches of their own in this huge afterlife.”

This is my fourth review for WWend’s Grand Master ReadingChallenge. I’d never read any of Philip Jose Farmer’s work before, but I’d heard of the Riverworld series.  I vaguely remember watching the Sci-Fi Channel adaptation in the early 2000s, but I'm pretty sure it strayed rather far from the story of the novel.

My Thoughts:

My favorite part of To Your Scattered Bodies Go was the setting and mystery of the Riverworld.  It’s admittedly a very contrived environment, but that’s acknowledged in the story. Whether it is an afterlife arranged by some deity or a grand experiment arranged by some alien race, it is clear that the Riverworld was constructed with thought towards keeping the whole of humanity in comfort. The Riverworld was also presumably constructed to serve some unknown purpose for its mysterious creator(s).  I enjoyed seeing the many characters’ ideas on this central mystery, and I also had fun imagining what the purpose could possibly be.  In this case, I think the mystery might be much more fascinating than any actual answer that may be eventually given.

In the Riverworld, all of humanity, from all different cultures and historical periods, live together.  With so many different perspectives and life philosophies, and so many real historical figures to draw on, I think this premise has a lot of potential.  Unfortunately, I don’t really feel as though the novel capitalized on this potential.  For one thing, the different cultures did not seem particularly distinct.  For instance, a Neanderthal man seemed surprisingly similar in views and temperament to a Victorian gentleman.  I feel like it could have been a much more interesting story if it had engaged with the dramatic differences in worldview between cultures that span the whole of human history.

While the story didn’t significantly feature cultural differences, it did cast a very cynical eye toward the tendency of human beings to create conflict.  In a world where everyone was set on equal ground, with no pain, illness, or shortage of resources, people began almost immediately to establish hierarchies.  Despite the fact that there was plenty of food, drink, and luxuries (drugs, etc.) for all, many were quick to use force to establish inequalities in wealth and power.  This seemed very realistic to me.  While I don’t think hierarchical thinking is THE tragic flaw in humanity, I do think that many people pursue power for power’s sake—not just to gain control of limited resources.

Despite its fascinating central mystery, and the opportunity to use the world explore cultural differences and human nature, To All Your Scattered Bodies Go seems to be mostly a boy’s adventure story.  The characters were fairly flat and not very memorable beyond the brief recognition of their historical period or real-life counterpart.  Each character tended to be introduced with an awkward little infodump about their previous life.  There’s also a character who seems very much like an author insertion, and who constantly spouts off facts about the hero (Richard Francis Burton).  I felt like, with so many people to choose from, a more compelling cast could have been constructed.

On that note, I was a little frustrated that, chosen out of all of human history, the hero and narrator was a Victorian gentleman explorer (Richard Francis Burton) and the first villain was a Nazi (Hermann Göring). I think that, even in 1971, it must have already been a little hackneyed to use Nazis as an example of human evil and guilt.  However, the situation was not quite as simple as that may make it sound, and Göring did prompt some interesting discussion of post-resurrection identity and culpability. The hero and narrator, Richard Burton, is essentially a real-life adventure hero, so I can see why he was an obvious choice for the protagonist.  However, he manifested enough of the attitudes and views of the typical fictional Victorian gentleman explorer that I found him very irritating as a narrator.  One of these typical attitudes is the remarkably blatant sexism that permeates the story. For a few quick examples:

"She was a product of her society – like all women, she was what men had made her …”

"Even if she had been a whore, she had a right to be treated as a human being.  Especially since she maintained that it was hunger that had driven her to prostitution, though he had been skeptical about that."

It seemed like Burton classified every woman he met as either a prude, a whore, or a nag, and he made it quite clear he had little interest in the women of the story outside of sex.  It seemed that most of the female characters had little relevance to the story besides being sex resources for the male explorers.  I know this may be a realistic representation of the attitude towards women in the 1800s, but that didn’t make it any less annoying. The narrator, the occasionally clunky writing, and the relatively flat characters dimmed my enthusiasm for the story, but I still think the novel has a really fun premise with lots of possibility for interesting stories to be told.  

My Rating: 3/5

To All Your Scattered Bodies Go is an adventure story set in a world that stretches along a massive river, where all of humanity is mysteriously resurrected.  The novel’s strong points were the world itself and the characters’ attempts to determine its nature and purpose.  The weaker points were poor characterization, lack of a strong sense of the multicultural tangle of the Riverworld, awkward writing, and the heavy dose of overt sexism brought in by the viewpoint character, a fictional version of the historical explorer Richard Burton.  There were plenty of ideas to like in Farmer’s Riverworld, but, for me, they were not altogether enough to overcome the novel’s weaknesses. I am glad to have read To All Your Scattered Bodies Go, but I doubt I will continue on with the rest of the series. 


  1. I read this like 10 years ago, and vaguely recall thinking it was just OK. in fact, I may not have even finished it. how sad is that?

    Reading your review though, now i'm interested in finding a copy, if only because of Richard Frances Burton. The first time i read To Your Scattered Bodies Go his name wouldn't have meant anything to me. But, three Mark Hodder alt history steampunk books later, now if something features my new favorite British Explorer, i want to read it, just to see how different authors write him.

    1. I haven't read the Mark Hodder books, so this is the only one I've ever read that featured Burton. I can see how he would be a popular character, though. Skimming through his biography, it's hard to imagine that an actual person could learn and accomplish so much in a single lifetime! It would be interesting to see another author's portrayal of the same explorer.

  2. I found it an interesting read, but found it somewhat depressing because it just highlighted the fact that humans are mostly violent and horrible. I seem to remember that the women do not fare well at all, with lots of rape and abuse. I am not sure if this is because of the age of the book, but it was fairly misogynistic as far as I could see, which was a shame as the concept is promising.

    1. That's more or less how I felt as well. It was an interesting idea, but I didn't really like the way the story dealt with women. Maybe that kind of sexism was more acceptable in the 70s.